ALTSEAN-BURMA
Alternative Asean Network on Burma
campaigns, advocacy and capacity-building for human rights
Home
Research
Multimedia
Links
About Us
PARLIAMENT WATCH > BY-ELECTIONS SPECIAL > POLITICAL PARTIES
 
POLITICAL PARTIES
 
#
Political party
Candidates fielded
Seats won in 2010
1.
All Mon Region Democracy Party
1
16
2.
Democratic Party (Myanmar)
1
3
3.
Kokang Democracy and Unity Party
1
0
4.
Lahu National Development Party
1
1
5.
Myanmar National Congress
3
DNP
6.
Myanmar New Society Democratic Party
3
DNP
7.
National Democratic Force
11
16
8.
National League for Democracy
44
DNP
9.
National Political Alliances League
2
0
10.
National Unity Party
21
63
11.
New Era People’s Party
1
0
12.
New National Democracy Party
3
DNP
13.
PaO National Organization
1
10
14.
Party for Unity and Peace
4
DNP
15.
People Democracy Party
3
DNP
16.
Shan Nationals Democratic Party
3
57
17.
Union Solidarity and Development Party
45
883
 
All Mon Region Democracy Party (AMRDP)
 
A Mon ethnic party, the AMRDP was formed on 7 April 2010 by Mon who disagreed with the New Mon State Party’s decision to boycott the November elections. It is led by Ngwe Thein and other former civil servants. The AMRDP won 16 seats (seven at the national level) in the 2010 elections.
 
Democratic Party (Myanmar) (DPM)
 
DPM Chairman Thu Wai is a veteran politician and former political prisoner. Among the party leaders are Mya Than Than Nu, the daughter of Burma’s first PM U Nu, and Cho Cho Kyaw Nyein, the daughter of former Deputy PM Kyaw Nyein. The DPM won one seat during the 1990 elections. The regime subsequently dissolved it. The DPM won three seats at the local level in the 2010 elections. The DPM will field only one candidate (party Chairman Thu Wai) in Rangoon’s Mingala Taungnyunt Township.
 
Kokang Democracy and Unity Party (KDUP)
 
A Kokang ethnic party, the KDUP represents the Kokang ethnic group based in Northern Shan State’s Laogai and Konkyan Townships. The KDUP did not win any seats in the 1990 and 2010 elections.
 
Lahu National Development Party (LNDP)
 
A Lahu ethnic party, the LNDP represents the Lahu communities who live predominantly in Eastern Shan State. In 1990, it contested in seven constituencies and won one seat. The LNDP won one seat in the Shan State Parliament in the 2010 elections.
 
Myanmar National Congress (MNC)
 
MNC Chairman Kaung Myint Htut is a former student leader who was imprisoned for six years in the 1990s for student activism. On 14 September 2010, the Election Commission dissolved the party because it failed to register at least three candidates. The MNC re-registered in January 2012. The party has fielded three candidates in Rangoon’s Mingala Taungnyunt, Mayangone, and Dagon Seikkan Townships.
 
Myanmar New Society Democratic Party (MNSDP)
 
The MNSDP has its roots in the student movement of 1988. Chairman Zin Aung was formerly a senior member of the Democratic Party for a New Society, which contested the 1990 election in nine constituencies, winning no seats. On 14 September 2010, the Election Commission dissolved the MNDSP because it failed to register at least three candidates. The party re-registered in January 2012.
 
National Democratic Force (NDF)
 
The NDF was founded by former NLD Central Executive members, including Khin Maung Swe and Than Nyein, after the NLD decided not to re-register as a political party to contest the 2010 elections. Chairman Than Nyein, a former NLD MP elected in the 1990 elections, was arrested in 1997 for his political activities and jailed until his release in 2008, four years beyond his initial seven-year term. He is the brother-in-law of former SPDC PM Khin Nyunt. The NDF won 16 seats (12 at the national level) in the 2010 elections. The NDF has fielded about 10 candidates across Rangoon, Mandalay, Pegu, Irrawaddy, and Magwe Divisions and Kachin State.
 
National League for Democracy (NLD)
 
Founded in 1988, the NLD won over 80% of the parliamentary seats in the 1990 elections. However, the military regime never convened the Parliament. The regime dissolved the NLD in September 2010 following its decision not to re-register as a political party and to boycott the November elections. The NLD re-registered in January 2012. The party has fielded 44 candidates in the by-elections. Among its candidates are Chairman Daw Aung San Suu Kyi; CEC members Ohn Kyaing, Win Myint, and May Win Myint; HIV/AIDS activist Phyu Phyu Thin, former political prisoner Phyo Min Thein, hip hop singer and former political prisoner Zayar Thaw, and 88 Generation Student Sandar Min.
 
National Political Alliances League (NPAL)
 
The NPAL is an alliance of nine small groups. The party is led by a number of NLD members elected in 1990 who were expelled from the party in 1999 after they criticized its leaders for their decision to unilaterally convene the parliament in 1998. The party did not win any seats in the 2010 elections.
 
National Unity Party (NUP)
 
Formed after the 1988 uprising, the NUP succeeded Ne Win’s Burma Socialist Program Party, from which it inherited massive organizational resources. The NUP contested the 1990 election as the military junta’s party and won only 10 seats. Chairman Tun Yi is a former deputy commander-in-chief of the armed forces. In 2010, the NUP fielded the second-highest number of candidates but won only 17 seats at the national level. The party has fielded about 20 candidates in the by-elections.
 
New Era People’s Party (NEEP) [aka Modern People’s Party]
 
The NEEP has a clear pro-regime stance. It accepted the 2008 constitution and its Chairman Tun Aung Kyaw is well-known for opposing economic sanctions on Burma. The party did not win any seats in the 2010 elections.
 
New National Democracy Party (NNDP)
 
The NNDP was formed in 2011 by five MPs who split from the National Democratic Force (NDF) after being elected in the 2010 elections. NNDP Chairman Thein Nyunt was elected to the People’s Assembly in Rangoon’s Thingangyun Township. The NNDP has fielded three candidates in Rangoon’s Mingala Taungnyunt, Mayangone, and Dagon Seikkan Townships.
 
PaO National Organization (PNO)
 
The PNO is an ethnic party based in Southern Shan State. It was formed by the merger of the Union PaO National Organization (a party that contested the 1990 elections) and the PaO National Organization, an ethnic group that signed a ceasefire agreement in 1991 and joined the National Convention in 1993. Chairman Aung Kham Hti is a former monk and a politician who had a close relationship with former SPDC PM Gen Khin Nyunt. He expressed his support for the 2008 constitution and the 2010 elections, during which the PNO won 10 seats (four at the national level).
 
Party for Unity and Peace (PUP)
 
The PUP registered in October 2011. PUP candidate for the People’s Assembly in Rangoon Division’s Kawmoo Township unsuccessfully challenged the eligibility of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi in the by elections.
 
People Democracy Party (PDP)
 
The PDP registered in September 2011. Than Htike Oo is the PDP’s Chairman.
 
Shan Nationals Democratic Party (SNDP)
 
The SNDP is a Shan ethnic party led by Ai Pao, a wealthy salt trader and former General Secretary of the Shan Nationalities League for Democracy (SNLD), which won 23 seats in the 1990 elections. Vice-Chairman Saung Si was elected as MP in 1990 with the SNLD. The SNDP won 57 seats (21 at the national level) in the 2010 elections.
 
Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP)
The USDP is the regime-backed party, formed from the mass organization Union Solidarity and Development Association (USDA). The party can count on unmatched financial and material resources inherited from the USDA. President Thein Sein is the USDP’s former Chairman. Speaker of the People’s Assembly Shwe Mann is the party’s current Chairman. The USDP has fielded candidates in all 45 constituencies.