the start of 2010, this was the situation in Burma with regard
to civil and political rights:
AND POLITICAL RIGHTS
Freedom House in its annual survey “Freedom in the World
2010” described Burma, alongside nine other countries, as
the “worst of the worst” in respecting its citizens’
political rights and civil liberties.
• Burma has received a “Not Free” rating every
year since Freedom House launched its survey in 1973.
Burma ranked 171 out of the 175 countries surveyed by Reporters
Sans Frontières in its 2009 Press Freedom Index. RSF said
that journalists in Burma faced intimidation, imprisonment, and
• Burma was the world’s fifth worst jailer of journalists
with nine journalists in prison, according to the Committee to
Protect Journalists (CPJ).
There were 2,177 political prisoners in Burma, including 12 elected
Members of Parliament (MPs), according to the Assistance Association
for Political Prisoners. In 2009, the SPDC sentenced 129 activists
to prison terms.
SPDC has used repressive laws to imprison political activists.
Unlawful Association Act (1908)
• Emergency Provisions Act (1950)
• Printers and Publishers Registration Act (1962)
• State Protection Law (1975)
• Television and Video Law (1985)
• Law Relating to Forming of Organizations (1988)
• Law Protecting the Peaceful and Systematic Transfer of
State Responsibility and the Successful Performance of the Functions
of the National Convention against Disturbance and Opposition
(No. 5) (1996)
• Computer Science Development Law (1996)
• Motion Picture Law (1996)
• Electronic Transactions Law (2004)
2-3 million - Estimated number of Burmese migrants in Thailand
(including 1.1. million registered migrant workers ).
• 500,000 - Estimated number of Burmese migrant workers
• 50,000 - Estimated number of Burmese migrant workers in
• 754,000 - Refugees outside Burma.
• 723,571- Stateless persons in Burma (Muslim and Rohingya
in Arakan State).
• 470,000 - Number of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs)
in Eastern Burma.