March 2010, the UN Special Rapporteur on human rights in Burma Tomás
Ojea Quintana recommended that the UN consider establishing a Commission
of Inquiry to investigate “gross and systematic” human
rights abuses in Burma.
Following Ojea Quintana’s
recommendation, 11 countries endorsed the establishment of a UN
Commission of Inquiry on crimes against humanity and war crimes
in Burma. A Commission of Inquiry, in addition to opening a door
for victims’ rights to truth and justice, also has a preventive
value to discourage more crimes from being perpetrated.
In the six-month period since the
SPDC published the election laws in March, the following SPDC crimes
against humanity/war crimes have been documented:
• At least 15 extrajudicial
• Systematic use of forced labor in ethnic areas.
• Six hundred people were forcibly displaced in military attacks
that targeted civilians.
• At least 14 people subjected to arbitrary imprisonment.
• The continued use of torture.
• At least eight cases of rape and sexual violence.
• Systematic persecution of Rohingya communities.
• At least two children were recruited as child soldiers,
and another child was killed for resisting.