• Land confiscation is one of the leading
causes of protest and unrest in Burma, having led to the forced
displacement of hundreds of thousands of people in recent years.
It also undermines Burma’s fragile peace processes.
• The 2008 constitution and subsequent
laws are used to legitimize arbitrary land confiscation, deny
access to justice, and perpetuate an environment of impunity.
• Land confiscation for profitable large-scale
development and commercial projects enrich the military, state-owned
enterprises, and regime cronies, but result in the loss of livelihood
and human rights abuses for local communities.
• Land confiscation often involves violence,
resulting in grievous injury, to force people off their land,
or to suppress resistance to land confiscation.
• Benefiting from land grabs, linked in
some cases to ethnic cleansing or war atrocities, poses a risk
to foreign investors and increases their exposure to judicial
• Prevailing censorship and other institutional
obstructions hinder access to accurate information required for
due diligence processes.
• It is in the interests of the international
corporate community to ensure that legislative and institution
reforms include equitable and transparent land acquisition procedures
and measures to protect communities from impunity.