In the past year, the Tatmadaw has deployed nearly
25% of its battalions to Kachin State, escalating its war with
the Kachin Independence Army (KIA) and bringing further suffering
to civilian populations in Kachin State and Northern Shan State.
Tatmadaw soldiers have constantly targeted civilians
in Kachin State and Northern Shan States as part of their military
operations against the KIA. Human rights abuses have included
extrajudicial killings, rape of women, arbitrary arrests, torture,
forced displacement, the use of human shields, forced labor, and
the confiscation and destruction of property. All of these systematic
abuses would be considered war crimes and/or crimes against humanity
under international law.
The ongoing conflict has displaced about 75,000
people, including at least 10,000 refugees who crossed the border
into China. Despite the severity of the situation, the regime
has frustrated relief efforts, severely restricting humanitarian
access to local and international organizations.
The KIA’s political leadership, the Kachin
Independence Organization (KIO), has made repeated attempts to
negotiate a lasting peace in Kachin State. However, the regime
has rejected the KIO’s request to discuss long-term political
solutions prior to a ceasefire agreement.