• Over one year since sectarian violence
broke out in Arakan State, 140,000 predominately Rohingya IDPs
remain displaced. Rohingya face ongoing restrictions on freedom
of movement and access to employment, health, and education.
• Regime authorities continue to commit
abuses against Rohingya, including extrajudicial killings, arbitrary
arrest, extortion, and harassment. In June and August, regime
security forces shoot and kill a total of seven Rohingya IDPs
in three separate incidents. In May, regime authorities pledge
to enforce a ‘two-child policy’ for Rohingya in two
townships in Arakan State.
• Anti-Muslim violence which broke out
in Meikhtila, Mandalay Division, in March, continues for six-straight
months, with attacks reported in 18 townships across three States
and four Divisions. 46 people have been killed, including 44 people
in Meikhtila. About 4,000 people remain displaced in Meikhtila.
• Two pieces of legislation currently under
parliamentary review – the Printing and Publishing Bill
and the Association Bill – threaten to impose new restrictions
on press freedom and freedom of association. In addition, extremist
Buddhist monk U Wirathu proposes draft legislation aimed at criminalizing
unauthorized marriages between Buddhist women and Muslim men.
• Authorities continue to use repressive
laws to arrest and prosecute activists, farmers, and human rights
defenders, including women and those opposing land grabs. From
June to September, the regime sentences 29 peaceful protestors
to prison terms under the Peaceful Gathering and Demonstration
Law. Three activists are jailed under the Unlawful Association
Act, the Printers and Publishers Registration Act, and Article
505 of the Criminal Code.
• The Tatmadaw’s offensive against
the Kachin Independence Army has continued for over two years,
with fighting reported in 16 of 18 townships in Kachin State and
six townships in Northern Shan State. The regime continues to
restrict aid to IDPs in Kachin Independence Army-held areas, with
only three deliveries of UN aid permitted since July 2012.
• The proliferation of peace agreements
between Naypyidaw and ethnic armed groups fails to halt conflict.
In June-July, Tatmadaw troops attack the Kachin Independence Army,
the Ta-ang National Liberation Army, the Shan State Army-North,
and the New Mon State Party in the north, east, and south of the