The rape and murder of a 27-year-old Buddhist
Rakhine woman and the murder of 10 Muslim pilgrims triggered deadly
sectarian clashes between Buddhist and Muslims in Arakan State
starting on 8 June.
According to the regime, as of 12 June, 21 people
had died and 1,662 houses and a mosque had been destroyed as a
result of the unrest. However, various organizations said that
the death toll might be much higher as a result of escalating
attacks and reprisals affecting Muslim Rohingya and Buddhist Rakhine.
The authorities’ decades-long discriminatory
policies and practices targeting Rohingya have reinforced the
racial and religious animosity between the two communities in
Arakan State. Rohingya have suffered restrictions on marriage,
freedom of movement, and religious practice. In addition, the
regime has routinely subjected Rohingya to forced labor, extortion,
land confiscation, and other human rights abuses.