briefer shows that despite the SPDC’s repeated pledges for
“free and fair” elections, indicators for election monitoring
based on EU, UN, and OSCE guidelines point to the contrary. The
SPDC election laws and conduct of the SPDC Election Commission have
caused the dissolution of parties that won 84% of seats in the last
election, and disenfranchised at least 1.5 million voters.
• The SPDC election laws
are not in accordance with international standards and prevent the
exercise of fundamental freedoms and political rights.
• Election laws bar over 2,000 political prisoners from being
members of political parties. The NLD and other parties would have
had to expel their imprisoned leaders, such as Daw Aung San Suu
Kyi, to be eligible to participate.
• The SPDC Election Commission
has not acted in an independent, impartial, and transparent manner.
• A number of political parties and candidates have been barred
by the Election Commission’s discriminatory restrictions.
• The Election Commission financial requirements and tight
deadlines for candidate registration hindered the political parties’
ability to field candidates.
• The Election Commission has canceled the polls in more than
3,400 villages in ethnic areas, disenfranchising around 1.5 million
• The SPDC has limited the
ability of political parties, candidates, and their supporters to
campaign. Regime authorities have detained those who have spoken
out against the polls.
• Regime officials have harassed, intimidated, and coerced
party candidates and their supporters and engaged in vote buying
• The junta-proxy Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP)
has liberally used state resources and relied on state institutions,
civil servants, and SPDC officials for the party’s campaign
• The SPDC Censorship Board
has unjustifiably limited the ability of independent media to report
on election issues and developments.
• State-owned media has tightly restricted media access of
candidates and political parties.
• State-run media have failed to provide sufficient information
to enable voters to make an informed voting decision.